Surrey is the province’s second-largest city by population after the city of Vancouver. The city is characterized by low population density urban sprawl, typical of western North America, which includes areas of residential housing, light industry and commercial centers and is prone to strip development and malls. Approximately 35 percent of the land is designated as part of the Agricultural Land Reserve. The city is mostly hills and flatland, with most of the flatland in Tynehead, Hazelmere, south of Cloverdale, and Colebrook.
The climate is typically inter-coastal Pacific-Northwest: rainy, wet winters, often with heavy rainfall lasting into early spring, with mild, sunny summers and cool autumns.